Tuesday, July 27, 2010

Use of lambda operator => "Goes To"

delegate bool D();
    delegate bool D2(int i);

    class Test
    {
        D del;
        D2 del2;
        public void TestMethod(int input)
        {
            int j = 0;
            // Initialize the delegates with lambda expressions.
            // Note access to 2 outer variables.
            // del will be invoked within this method.
            del = () => { j = 10;  return j > input; };

            // del2 will be invoked after TestMethod goes out of scope.
            del2 = (x) => {return x == j; };
            
            // Demonstrate value of j:
            // Output: j = 0 
            // The delegate has not been invoked yet.
            Console.WriteLine("j = {0}", j);

            // Invoke the delegate.
            bool boolResult = del();

            // Output: j = 10 b = True
            Console.WriteLine("j = {0}. b = {1}", j, boolResult);
        }

        static void Main()
        {
            Test test = new Test();
            test.TestMethod(5);

            // Prove that del2 still has a copy of
            // local variable j from TestMethod.
            bool result = test.del2(10);

            // Output: True
            Console.WriteLine(result);
            
            Console.ReadKey();
        }
    }

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